English military commander, noted for numerous successes against the French during the War of Spanish Succession; virtually regent of England during the reign of Queen Anne.
Autograph Letter Signed, with his paraph, two-thirds page, quarto, Hague, March 19, 1709. To the Right Honorable Coningsbey. With the integral address leaf attached, and with a separate Key to the Cypher, one page, octavo. Fine condition.
I…send you the enclosd Cypher, that you may write with more freedome. I also aprove of your advice as to 2 and shall take a proper time. By my next you shall have my opinion as to the Peace. In the mean time it lookes as if there woud be a necessity of making this Campagn…. Marlboroughs cypher comprises a list of numbers and names after three of them: 240, 7, 15, 42, 200, 78 Mr. A. Mainwaring, 199, 185, 39 D. of Marlboro, 16 Ld Conyngsby, 28, 31, 5, 200, 38. Another hand has written in additional notations.
The Duke of Marlborough’s concerns about Peace and this Campagn pertain to the War of the Spanish Succession which England, the Dutch Republic, the emperor Leopold, Prussia, Hanover, other German states, and Portugal had been waging against France. The dukes participation in the war had begun in 1702 when Queen Anne appointed him to undertake what turned out to be ten successive campaigns against Louis XIV, who had advanced his claims upon the vacant throne of Spain and the Spanish Empire. Between 1704 and 1709, the Duke of Marlborough’s eminently superior military skills resulted in a series of victories, that by the end of 1708, the Sun King sought to end the war and was willing to give up the Spanish inheritance to the House of Habsburg. The British however, insisted on the unrealistic demand that Louis use his army to remove his own grandson from Spain. Louis refused, broke off negotiations, and resumed the war. Thus it dragged on until June 1712 when peace negotiations began, concluding with the treaties of Utrecht which marked the rise of the power of Britain and the British colonial empire at the expense of both France and Spain [Encyclopedia Britannica ].
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