Austrian neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis.
Autograph Letter Signed, freud, one page, on his name-imprinted correspondence card, Vienna, October 14, 1933. In German, to Frau Hedwig Abraham (widow of the influential German psychoanalyst Karl Abraham) in London, England. With the original envelope.
“Just got your notification of where you have settled. My most cordial wishes. Probably the expatriation will turn out to be a blessing for you and the others.”
In the Spring of 1933, Hitler came to power in Germany. Nazi propaganda for the takeover of Austria greatly increased and many Jews were already immigrating to other countries.
Sigmund Freud remained in Austria even after Nazi Germany annexed Austria in March 1938 in the Anschluss. This led to violent outbursts of anti-Semitism in Vienna; Freud and his family received visits from the Gestapo. Freud ultimately decided to go into exile. He was assisted by a Nazi official who had studied medicine, chemistry and law and who had been a student of a professor at the University of Vienna who was also a good friend of Freud. In June 1938, his exit visa properly signed, Freud left Vienna aboard the Orient Express and settled in London. All his money and property had to be left behind.
Frau Abraham was the widow of Karl Abraham, an early important and influential German psychoanalyst and collaborator of Sigmund Freud, who called him his “best pupil.” He collaborated with Freud on the understanding of manic-depressive illness, studied infant sexuality in character development and mental illness, was the analyst of a number of British psychoanalysts (Edward Glover, James Glover and Alix Strachey) and the mentor of an influential group of German analysts (Karen Horney, Helene Deutsch and Franz Alexander). He died prematurely in 1925.
Framed (with a photograph) with charcoal inner and outer mats in a striated silver frame; dimensions: 11 inches wide by 14 inches high.
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